Indochinese Tiger

The Indochinese Tiger is a tiger subspecies. In 2007, its population comprised less than 2,500 individuals with no sub-populations greater than 250 individuals, so the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species categorized the Indochinese tiger as Endangered. Estimates range from 202 to 352 total individuals in the wild, so the Indochinese tiger approaches the threshold for Critically Endangered. There is restricted access to border areas where this subspecies lives, so there is very little accurate information regarding its population status.


When compared to other tiger subspecies, the Indochinese tiger is generally smaller in stature. Another distinction that sets them apart is their narrower stripes and the deeper, more vibrant orange of their coat that is sometimes referred to as golden. The males range in size from 2.2 to 2.4 m (7.2 to 7.9 ft), weighing about 150 and 200 lb (68 and 91 kg). The females range in size from 2 to 2.2 m (6.6 to 7.2 ft), weighing between 100 and 130 lb (45 and 59 kg).


Its habitat consists of tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests. Forests provide this tiger subspecies with camouflage, and its preference for mountainous regions provides them with hunting grounds that fit their lifestyle and dietary needs.


Indochinese tigers prey mainly on medium- and large-sized wild ungulates. Sambar deer, wild pigs, serow, and large bovids such as banteng and juvenile gaur comprise the majority of Indochinese tiger's diet. In such habitats, tigers are forced to subsist on smaller prey, such as muntjac deer, porcupines, macaques and hog badgers.